Massachusetts Board of Retirement v. Murgia
427 U.S. 307 (1976)
- Murgia was a policeman in
Massachusetts. When he turned 50 he was involuntarily retired, per
- Murgia claimed to be in
great shape and wanted to continue being a policeman.
- Massachusetts argued that
they had a good reason for having a mandatory retirement age, namely the
physical requirements of the job were probably too much for old people.
- Murgia sued, claiming that the
mandatory retirement was age discrimination, and was therefore an unconstitutional violation of the Equal
Protection Clause of the 14th
- The US Supreme Court found the
Massachusetts law to be constitutional.
- The US Supreme Court found
that the proper level of judicial review for age discrimination claims was rational basis.
- The Court found that old
people were not a suspect class,
and being a policeman was not a fundamental right.
- The Court found that
Massachusetts had a rational basis
for preventing old people from working in jobs with high physical