Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of California
480 U.S. 102, 107 S. Ct. 1026, 94 L. Ed. 3d 92 (1987)
- A Taiwanese tire manufacturer
(Cheng Shin) used a valve made by a Japanese company (Asahi). One of
their tires blew out on a car in California and injured someone.
- The injured party sued Cheng
Shin, and in response Cheng Shin filed a third-party complaint in
California against Asahi.
- Asahi argued that California
didn't have jurisdiction, and made a motion to dismiss the complaint.
- Asahi wasn't located in
California, and didn't sell valves there.
- The California Trial Court
denied the motion, Asahi appealed.
- California Supreme Court
affirmed and continued to deny the motion. Asahi appealed.
- US Supreme Court reversed and
found that California does not have jurisdiction over Asahi.
- There was no majority
decision in this case, and different Justices had different reasons for
finding that the California Court had jurisdiction.
- The US Supreme Court found
that there was a 5 factor test for to determine if a State could get
jurisdiction over a foreign defendant:
- The burden on the
- The interests of the forum
- The interest of the
- Interstate efficiency, and
- Interstate policy